Known in the ancient times as the City of Turquoise, the Sinai Peninsula lies between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red sea to the south and was eminent mining area for rare turquoise ornamental stones. The peninsula covers an approximate area of 60,000 square kilometers and has population of 1.3 million; this consists of those living in South Sinai, and the cities of El Suez and El Ismaileya.
South Sinai has developed over the past 30 years to become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt, due to its dazzling natural beauty, biblical history, rich coral reef, panoramic mountain and sea views, along with its unrivalled diving spots and water activities. Although the peninsula is inhabited by Bedouin tribes, the area is similar in culture to Europe because of its touristic nature and year - round visitors from around the world. The weather is warm and pleasant all year long.
Sharm El Sheikh is considered to be the capital of South Sinai and the center from which other cities of the peninsula can be reached. Sharm El Sheikh International Airport connects the city with most major European cities along with daily domestic flights to and from cities in Egypt.